Subject Pronouns: What They Are, And How To Use Them Correctly In English
The difference between subject and object pronouns is not always obvious, and this can cause confusion in English learners. This article will help you to understand the difference between subject pronouns, which are used as a subject in a sentence, and object pronouns, which are used as the object of a verb or preposition.
What are Subject Pronouns?
Subject pronouns are the words we use to refer to the subject of a sentence. The subject is the person or thing that is doing the verb, and it usually comes before the verb in a sentence. For example, in the sentence “I am going to the store,” “I” is the subject pronoun and “am going” is the verb.
There are three different subject pronouns in English: I, you, and he/she/it. We use these pronouns depending on who is doing the verb. If I am doing the verb, then I use “I.” If you are doing the verb, then you use “you.” And if he/she/it is doing the verb, then he/she/it uses “he.” Here are some examples:
I am going to the store.
You are going to the store.
He is going to the store.
Notice how in each sentence, the subject pronoun (I, you, he) comes before the verb (am going). This is because subjects always come before verbs in English sentences.
We also have plural subject pronouns in English: we, you (plural), and they. These work just like singular subject pronouns , but they are used when the subject is plural (more than one person or thing). For example:
We are going to the store.
You are going to the store.
They are going to the store.
Remember, the subject is the person or thing that is doing the verb. So if more than one person or thing is doing the verb, we use a plural subject pronoun.
When to use subject pronouns
There are three main situations when you need to use subject pronouns in English:
1. When you are talking about yourself
I am a student.
We are friends.
He is my brother.
She is my sister.
It is raining.
2. When you are talking about someone else
You are a student.
They are friends.
He is her brother.
She is his sister.
3. When you do not know the gender of the person or thing you are talking about, or when you are talking about more than one person or thing at the same time:
Everybody is here.
Somebody left their umbrella.
Children like sweets.
When not to use subject pronouns
There are certain situations when it is not appropriate to use subject pronouns in English. For example, when you are writing a formal essay or paper, it is best to avoid using “I” or “you.” Instead, opt for third person pronouns such as “he,” “she,” and “it.” In addition,subject pronouns should not be used when giving a speech or presentation; instead, use the full name of the person you are talking about. Finally, when in doubt, it is always better to the other on the side of caution and avoid using any subject pronoun at all.
Examples of subject pronouns
There are many different subject pronouns that can be used in English, depending on the context and who is speaking. Here are some examples of subject pronouns:
I – Used by a speaker when referring to themselves
You – Used by a speaker when referring to the person they are talking to
He/She/It – Used by a speaker when referring to a third person, male/female/neutral respectively
We – Used by a speaker when including themselves and at least one other person in reference
They – Used by a speaker when referring to a group of people or things
When using subject pronouns, it is important to choose the correct pronoun based on who is being spoken about and whether they are male, female, or neutral. Additionally, the pronoun must agree with the verb in terms of tense (e.g. I am, you were) and number (e.g. we are, they were).
In conclusion, subject pronouns are an important part of English grammar. They are used to replace the nouns in a sentence, and they can be used in both formal and informal settings. When using subject pronouns, it is important to be aware of the different forms (he, she, they) and to use the correct form for the person or people you are talking about.
Thank you for reading!
This was written by me. Bryce Purnell, founder of Learn Laugh Speak.