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Read with Disabilities: Guide for Parents and Teachers

It can be difficult for parents and teachers to help a child learn to read when that child has a disability. In this blog post, we will provide information on how to best help a child with reading disabilities. We will discuss the different types of disabilities that can affect reading skills, as well as strategies that can be used to overcome these difficulties. Parents and teachers are an important part of any child’s education, and we hope that this blog post will help them in their efforts to teach their children to read!

Learning disabilities are common, affecting around one in five people. These conditions can make it harder to learn and process information than other children of the same age. There are many different types of learning disabilities, all with their own symptoms and causes. Some examples include ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), dyslexia (difficulty reading), dyscalculia (difficulty doing math) and dysgraphia (difficulty writing).

Learning disabilities are not the same as intellectual disabilities, which means that people with a learning disability may have normal or even above-average intelligence. For example, some children have trouble reading but they can still learn to do other things such as playing an instrument or playing sports.

Here are some learning disabilities that can affect reading skills:

1. Dyslexia

The most common learning disability in the United States, dyslexia affects about one out of every five people. It involves difficulty reading words on a page and understanding what they mean. People with dyslexia may have trouble comprehending written material even when they can decode the words correctly.

common signs of people with this learning disability include:

  • trouble remembering letters and their sounds, especially vowels.
  • difficulty rhyming words or telling rhymes apart from one another (examples might be “cat” and “hat”)
  • having trouble understanding what they are reading aloud when asked to do so. They may also have difficulties with spelling.

Strategies that can be used to help people with dyslexia include:

  • teaching phonemic awareness, which is the ability to hear and identify the individual sounds in words.
  • teaching word decoding skills, or how to break down a word into its component letters and sounds.
  • teaching vocabulary and comprehension strategies.
  • encouraging the use of graphic organizers, which can help students keep track of what they are reading.
  • providing accommodations, such as extended time on tests or allowing a student to read aloud in class.

2. Dyscalculia

Dyscalculia is a learning disability that affects math skills. It can cause people to have difficulty with numbers, counting and simple arithmetic problems like addition or subtraction. People who have dyscalculia may also find it difficult to understand concepts like fractions or decimals, as well as how they relate to one another.

common signs of people with this learning disability include:

  • difficulty understanding and using basic math concepts, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
  • trouble telling time or measuring quantities.
  • inability to keep track of money or calculate tips.
  • mistakes when doing mental math calculations.

Strategies that can be used to help people with dyscalculia include:

  • teaching basic math concepts, such as addition and subtraction.
  • teaching the relationship between fractions and decimals (for example, the decimal point). Teaching place value is also helpful for understanding how numbers relate to one another; this includes using manipulatives like base ten blocks or counting chips.
  • teaching problem-solving strategies, such as using a model or drawing a picture to help understand a math problem.
  • providing accommodations, such as extra time on tests or allowing the use of a calculator.

3. Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing. People who have this disorder may struggle with spelling, grammar, punctuation or other aspects of written language.

common signs of people with this learning disability include:

  • writing words backwards or upside down. For example, they might write “b” instead of “d” or “p” instead of “q”.
  • poor handwriting, which may be hard to read.
  • difficulty organizing thoughts into a cohesive paragraph. They may also have trouble with grammar and punctuation.

Strategies that can be used to help people with dysgraphia include:

  • teaching basic writing skills, such as how to write sentences and paragraphs.
  • teaching grammar rules, punctuation marks and spelling patterns. They should also learn about homophones (words that sound alike but have different meanings) so they can use them correctly in their writing.
  • providing accommodations, such as allowing students extra time on tests or letting them use spell checkers.

4. Dyspraxia

Dyspraxia is a disorder that affects the ability to plan and carry out movements. This can cause problems with things like handwriting, walking or using utensils. People who have dyspraxia may also find it hard to understand and follow verbal instructions.

Common signs of people with this learning disability include:

  • the trouble with fine motor skills, such as writing or using a knife and fork.
  • poor balance and coordination.
  • difficulty dressing oneself or tying shoelaces.
  • unpredictable movements, which can make it hard for others to understand what the person is trying to do.

Strategies that can be used to help people with dyspraxia include:

  • teaching basic motor skills like handwriting, cutting with scissors and tying shoelaces.
  • providing accommodations such as special equipment (pencil grips) or letting them use a computer instead of writing by hand. If they are having trouble following instructions verbally then they may need an interpreter who can translate what is

People with learning disabilities have a hard time understanding information, but there are many strategies that can help them succeed in school and life! It’s important for teachers to know what type of LD their students have so they can give appropriate accommodations and support. The most effective way to help a child with LD is through early identification and intervention. So if you think your child or someone you know may have a learning disability, don’t hesitate to reach out for help!

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